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§ 20-1001. Definitions.

For purposes of this Chapter, the following definitions shall apply:

(1) Board of Ethics. The Board of Ethics created under Section 3-100(e) of the Philadelphia Home Rule Charter.

(2) Candidate.

(a) An individual who files nomination papers or petitions for City elective office;

(b) An individual who publicly announces his or her candidacy for City elective office.

(3) Candidate political committee. The one political committee used by a candidate to receive all contributions and make all expenditures as required by § 20-1003.

(4) City Commissioners. The City Commissioners acting in their capacity as the County Board of Elections.

(5) City elective office. The offices of Mayor, District Attorney, City Controller, Sheriff, City Commissioner or City Council.

(6) Contribution. Money, gifts, forgiveness of debts, loans, or things having a monetary value incurred or received by a candidate or his/her agent for use in advocating or influencing the election of the candidate.

(7) Covered election. Every primary, general or special election for City elective office.

(8) Election Reform Board. A nonpartisan, non-governmental entity to be created that will execute and monitor voluntary contracts for expenditure limitations and will include representation from the League of Women Voters of Philadelphia and/or the Committee of Seventy.

(8.1) Electioneering communication. Any broadcast, cable, radio, print, Internet, or satellite communication (a) that promotes, attacks, supports, or opposes a candidate, or (b) that, within 50 days of a covered election, names, refers to, includes, or depicts a candidate in that covered election. The term shall not include: (i) sponsorship or organization of a candidate debate or forum; (ii) any news story, commentary, or editorial by any broadcasting station, newspaper, magazine, or other periodical publication, including any Internet periodical publication, unless the station, newspaper, magazine, or publication is owned or controlled by a candidate, political committee, or political party.

(9) Excess pre-candidacy contributions. The amount of a person or committee's pre-candidacy contributions to a particular political committee that, had the contributions been made to a candidate for elective City office, would have been in excess of the contribution limitations set forth in subsections 20-1002(1) or 20-1002(2).

(10) Excess post-candidacy contributions. The amount of money, gifts, forgiveness of debts, loans, or things having a monetary value, contributed by a person or committee to a particular political committee that, had it been contributed for the purpose of retiring debt that was incurred to influence the outcome of a covered election, or for the purpose of defraying the cost of transition or inauguration of a candidate elected to City elective office, would have been in excess of the contribution limitations set forth in subsections 20-1002(4) or 20-1002(5).

(11) Expenditure:

(a) The payment, distribution, loan or advancement of money or any valuable thing by a candidate, political committee or other person for the purpose of influencing the outcome of a covered election, including any expenditure for an electioneering communication;

(b) The provision of a service or other valuable thing for the purpose of influencing the outcome of a nomination or election of a candidate; or

(c) The payment or provision of money or other valuable thing to compensate any person for services rendered to a candidate or for an electioneering communication.

(12) Person. An individual, partnership, corporation, sole proprietorship, or other form of business organization.

(13) Political Committee. Any committee, club, association, political party, or other group of persons, including the candidate political committee of a candidate for office in a covered election, which receives contributions or makes expenditures for the purpose of influencing the outcome of a covered election.

(14) Post-candidacy contribution. Money, gifts, forgiveness of debts, loans, or things having a monetary value, received by a former candidate or his/her agent for use in retiring debt that was incurred to influence the outcome of a covered election, or for the purpose of defraying the cost of transition or inauguration of a candidate elected to City elective office.

(15) Pre-candidacy contribution. A contribution made to a political committee that: (a) has been transferred to, or otherwise becomes available for expenditure by, a candidate for City elective office; and (b) was made before such candidate became a candidate.

(16) Sample ballot. A ballot distributed by a political committee that lists more than one candidate in a specific covered election and recommends that voters vote for the listed candidates.

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Keywords
election
candidate
covered
political
committee
office
purpose
outcome
elective
expenditure