§337.53. Assessment and notice when tax is in jeopardy
A. If the collector finds that a taxpayer designs quickly to depart from the taxing jurisdiction, or to remove therefrom any property subject to any tax or to any lien for a tax, or to discontinue business, or to do any other act tending to prejudice or render wholly or partly ineffectual any proceedings that might be instituted to collect such tax, whereby it shall have become important that such proceedings be instituted without delay, he may immediately make a determination, from any available information or by estimate or otherwise, of the amount of tax, penalty, and interest such taxpayer is liable to pay. Having made such determination, the collector shall immediately assess said amount, and by a writing to be retained as part of his official records, indicate such assessment has been made, and without any notice, proceed to distrain, in the manner as hereinafter provided, any property belonging to the taxpayer. This type of assessment may be made whenever a tax becomes due under the provisions of this Chapter, regardless of whether it is then payable or not.
B. As soon as is feasible after such assessment, and not later than two calendar days thereafter, the collector shall send by certified mail a notice to the taxpayer against whom the assessment lies, at the address given in the last report filed by said taxpayer, or to any such address as may be obtainable from any private entity which will provide such address free of charge or from any federal, state, or local government entity, including but not limited to the United States Postal Service or from the United States Postal Service certified software. Such notice shall inform the taxpayer of the assessment, its basis, and jeopardous nature; make demand for immediate payment thereof; and give notice that any property distrained or to be distrained will be subject to sale as provided in this Chapter to satisfy the assessment.
C. The taxpayer against whom the assessment lies can stay distraint of his property, or sale of his property already distrained, as the case may be, only by the immediate payment of the assessment or by posting with the collector a surety bond for twice the amount of such assessment, or of a lower amount acceptable to the collector, with such sureties as the collector deems necessary. The taxpayer shall have sixty calendar days from the date of payment, or the date of posting bond, to appeal to the Board of Tax Appeals for a redetermination of the assessment. During this period, the collector shall hold any payment made in an escrow account. If the taxpayer does not appeal, the collector shall immediately credit such payment to tax collections or proceed to collect from sureties, if any were given. In the event of an appeal, such payment or demand for payment from sureties given shall be held in abeyance pending the redetermination or affirmation of the assessment by the Board of Tax Appeals or the court which last reviews the matter. Final payment, or collection from sureties, will be for the amount of the affirmed or redetermined assessment.
Acts 2003, No. 73, §1, eff. July 1, 2003; Acts 2014, No. 640, §2, eff. June 12, 2014.