§900. "Motor Vehicle Liability Policy" defined
A. A "Motor Vehicle Liability Policy" as said term is used in this Chapter, shall mean an owner's or an operator's policy of liability insurance, certified as provided in R.S. 32:898 or 32:899 as proof of financial responsibility, and issued except as otherwise provided in R.S. 32:899, by an insurance carrier duly authorized to transact business in this state, to or for the benefit of the person named therein as insured.
B. Such owner's policy of liability insurance:
(1) Shall designate by explicit description or by appropriate reference all motor vehicles with respect to which coverage is thereby to be granted; and
(2) Shall insure the person named therein and any other person, as insured, using any such motor vehicle or motor vehicles with the express or implied permission of such named insured against loss from the liability imposed by law for damages arising out of the ownership, maintenance, or use of such motor vehicle or motor vehicles within the United States of America or the Dominion of Canada, subject to limits exclusive of interest and costs with respect to each such motor vehicle as follows:
(a) Fifteen thousand dollars because of bodily injury to or death of one person in any one accident, and
(b) Subject to said limit for one person, thirty thousand dollars because of bodily injury to or death of two or more persons in any one accident, and
(c) Twenty-five thousand dollars because of damage to or destruction of property of others in any one accident.
(d) An owner may exclude a named person as an insured under a commercial policy if the owner obtains and maintains in force another policy of motor vehicle insurance which provides coverage for the person so excluded which is equal to that coverage provided in the policy for which the person was excluded. The alternative coverage is required for both primary and excess insurance.
C. Such operator's policy of liability insurance shall insure the person named as insured therein against loss from the liability imposed upon him by law for damages arising out of the use by him of any motor vehicle not owned by him, within the same territorial limits and subject to the same limits of liability as are set forth above with respect to an owner's policy of liability insurance.
D. Such motor vehicle liability policy shall state the name and address of the named insured, the coverage afforded by the policy, the premium charged therefor, the policy period and the limits of liability, and shall contain an agreement or be endorsed that insurance is provided thereunder in accordance with the coverage defined in this Chapter as respects bodily injury and death or property damage, or both, and is subject to all the provisions of this Chapter.
E. Such motor vehicle liability policy need not insure any liability under any worker's compensation law nor any liability on account of bodily injury to or death of an employee of the insured while engaged in the employment, other than domestic, of the insured, or while engaged in the operation, maintenance or repair of any such motor vehicle nor any liability for damage to property owned by, rented to, in charge of or transported by the insured.
F. Every motor vehicle liability policy shall be subject to the following provisions which need not be contained therein:
(1) The liability of the insurance carrier with respect to the insurance required by this Chapter shall become absolute whenever injury or damage covered by said motor vehicle liability policy occurs; said policy may not be cancelled or annulled as to such liability by an agreement between the insurance carrier and the insured after the occurrence of the injury or damage; no statement made by the insured or on his behalf and no violation of said policy shall defeat or void said policy;
(2) The satisfaction by the insured of a judgment for such injury or damage shall not be a condition precedent to the right or duty of the insurance carrier to make payment on account of such injury or damage;
(3) The insurance carrier shall have the right to settle any claim covered by the policy, and if such settlement is made in good faith, the amount thereof shall be deductible from the limits of liability specified in paragraph (2) of Sub-section B of this Section:
(4) The policy, the written application therefor, if any, and any rider or endorsement which does not conflict with the provisions of the Chapter shall constitute the entire contract between the parties.
G. Any policy which grants the coverage required for a motor vehicle liability policy may also grant any lawful coverage in excess of or in addition to the coverage specified for a motor vehicle liability policy and such excess or additional coverage shall not be subject to the provisions of this Chapter. With respect to a policy which grants such excess or additional coverage the term "motor vehicle liability policy" shall apply only to that part of the coverage which is required by this Section.
H. Any motor vehicle liability policy may provide that the insured shall reimburse the insurance carrier for any payment the insurance carrier would not have been obligated to make under the terms of the policy except for the provisions of this Chapter.
I. Any motor vehicle liability policy may provide for the prorating of the insurance thereunder with other valid and collectible insurance.
J. The requirements for a motor vehicle liability policy may be fulfilled by the policies of one or more insurance carriers which policies together meet such requirements.
K. Any binder issued pending the issuance of a motor vehicle liability policy shall be deemed to fulfill the requirements for such a policy.
L.(1) Notwithstanding the provisions of Paragraph (B)(2) of this Section, an insurer and an insured may by written agreement exclude from coverage the named insured and the spouse of the named insured. The insurer and an insured may also exclude from coverage any other named person who is a resident of the same household as the named insured at the time that the written agreement is entered into, and the exclusion shall be effective, regardless of whether the excluded person continues to remain a resident of the same household subsequent to the execution of the written agreement. It shall not be necessary for the person being excluded from coverage to execute or be a party to the written agreement. For the purposes of this Subsection, the term "named insured" means the applicant for the policy of insurance issued by the insurer.
(2) The form signed by the insured or his legal representative which excludes a named person from coverage shall remain valid for the life of the policy and shall not require the completion of a new driver exclusion form when a renewal, reinstatement, substitute, or amended policy is issued to the same named insured by the same insurer or any of its affiliates. Any changes to an existing policy, including but not limited to the addition of vehicles or insured drivers to said policy, regardless of whether these changes create new coverage, do not create a new policy and do not require the completion of a new agreement excluding a named person from coverage. For the purpose of this Subsection, a new policy shall mean an original contract of insurance which an insured enters into through the completion of an application on the form required by the insurer.
M.(1) Except for those tow trucks carrying liability coverage under the provisions of R.S. 32:1717, for those motor vehicles owned or operated by persons engaged in the business of actual farming and used primarily, but not exclusively, in carrying farm produce from farm to market or returning therefrom carrying goods and merchandise back to the farms, individually or cooperatively, where such carrying is not primarily for hire, or for motor vehicles being used for the transportation of forest products in their natural state, every motor carrier as defined in R.S. 32:1(37) shall be covered by a liability policy. Public liability and property damage insurance on motor carriers operating a vehicle that has a gross vehicle weight or gross combined weight rating in excess of twenty thousand pounds shall have the following liability limits:
(a) Those vehicles with a gross vehicle weight of more than twenty thousand pounds, but not more than fifty thousand pounds shall have:
(i) Twenty-five thousand dollars because of bodily injury or death of one person in any one accident, and
(ii) Subject to said limit for one person, fifty thousand dollars because of bodily injury to or death of two or more persons in any one accident, and
(iii) Twenty-five thousand dollars because of damage to or destruction of property of others in any one accident.
(b) Those vehicles with a gross vehicle weight of more than fifty thousand pounds shall provide a combined minimum single coverage limit of three hundred thousand dollars or the equivalent coverage of one hundred thousand dollars for injury or death to any one person, with a required minimum of not less than three hundred thousand dollars per occurrence, and twenty-five thousand dollars property damage.
(2) If, however, the motor carrier has qualified with the United States Department of Transportation (Interstate Commerce Commission) as a self-insurer, as authorized by 49 U.S.C. 10927, or has qualified for self-insurance under the provisions of R.S. 32:1042, the carrier shall be authorized as a self-insurer in Louisiana.
(3) The department may impose a fee not to exceed one dollar per vehicle to cover the expenses resulting from the administration of the provisions of this Subsection.
(4) In addition, all security providers for motor carriers, beginning June 15, 1995, shall notify the secretary, on a form required by the secretary, within forty-five calendar days from the date when any policy, bond, deposit, or other item of security is terminated, withdrawn, canceled, lapsed, or otherwise made ineffective.
Acts 1952, No. 52, §21. Acts 1983, 1st Ex.Sess., No. 1, §6; Acts 1984, No. 237, §1; Acts 1986, No. 1000, §1; Acts 1992, No. 979, §1; Acts 1995, No. 301, §1, eff. June 15, 1995; Acts 1996, 1st Ex. Sess., No. 34, §1, eff. May 7, 1996; Acts 2001, No. 368, §1; Acts 2002, 1st Ex. Sess., No. 81, §1; Acts 2008, No. 921, §1, eff. Jan. 1, 2010; Acts 2011, No. 17, §1.