§706. Marketable title
A. On and after December 15, 1950, except as provided in R.S. 32:705 and 32:712, no person buying a vehicle from the owner thereof, whether such owner be a dealer or otherwise, hereafter shall acquire a marketable title in or to the vehicle until the purchaser shall have obtained a certificate of title to the vehicle; however, neither the foregoing nor any other provisions of this Vehicle Certificate of Title Law shall be construed to have the effect of delaying, suspending or preventing the negotiation of a note secured by a chattel mortgage or security interest on a vehicle from being complete until the purchaser shall have obtained a certificate of title to the vehicle, the actual intention and effect of this Section being that such a chattel mortgage or security interest filed before September 1, 1990, shall be complete and effective as to all persons from the time of its execution by the parties if the mortgage or security agreement or a financing statement in the form approved by the commissioner is received and such receipt is validated by the office of the commissioner within fifteen days after such date of execution.
B. In the case of an authentic act of mortgage, the time of execution shall be the date of execution before a notary public or other duly authorized officer and, if by duly acknowledged private act of mortgage, the date of signing by the parties shall be the time of execution.
C. Until September 1, 1990, if the chattel mortgage, security agreement, or financing statement is not received and such receipt is not validated by the office of the commissioner within fifteen days after such date of execution it shall be complete and effective as to all persons from the date of notation of the chattel mortgage or security interest on the face of the certificate of title for such vehicle by the commissioner.
D. Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions, any security interest affecting a titled motor vehicle under a security agreement or financing statement filed hereunder on or after September 1, 1990, shall be complete and effective as to all persons and shall take its rank and priority as provided in Chapter 9 of the Louisiana Commercial Laws, R.S. 10:9-101 et seq. A financing statement is filed when received provided the receipt is subsequently validated by the secretary of the department.
E. The transfer of ownership of vehicles shall be governed by the following provisions:
(1) Except as otherwise provided in this Subsection, no person shall sell, exchange, donate, or otherwise transfer any ownership interest in any vehicle unless a title to that vehicle has been issued in that person's name.
(2) The provisions of this Section shall not apply to circumstances in which the title to a vehicle has been issued in the name of a person who is deceased. The provisions of R.S. 32:707.1 shall continue to apply to those circumstances.
(3) The provisions of this Section shall not apply to licensed new or used motor vehicle dealers, and supervised financial organizations or licensed lenders as defined in R.S. 9:3516, when they acquire or dispose of such vehicles in connection with enforcement of any security interest held therein.
(4) Whoever violates the provisions of this Subsection shall be fined not more than one thousand dollars, or imprisoned for not more than six months, or both.
(5) Each person to whom an ownership interest in a vehicle is transferred in violation of the provisions of this Subsection shall be entitled to rescind the contract of transfer, shall be entitled to the return of any consideration paid or delivered by that person as part of the contract of transfer, and shall be entitled to reimbursement for any taxes and fees paid by that person in connection with the transfer of ownership of the vehicle. In addition, should the person to whom an ownership interest in a vehicle is transferred in violation of the provisions of this Subsection be forced to file a civil action in order to enforce the remedies provided by this Subsection, that person shall be entitled to reasonable attorney fees.
Acts 1950, No. 342, §9. Amended by Acts 1954, No. 228, §1; Acts 1960, No. 265, §1; Acts 1972, No. 771, §3; Acts 1989, No. 137, §11, eff. Sept. 1, 1989; Acts 1990, No. 1079, §5, eff. Sept. 1, 1990; Acts 1995, No. 791, §1; Acts 2004, No. 303, §3.