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Rs 32:1441 Nonresident Violator Compact

CHAPTER 10. NONRESIDENT VIOLATOR COMPACT

§1441. Enactment and text of the Nonresident Violator Compact

The Nonresident Violator Compact, hereinafter called the "compact" is recognized as substantially the same as its predecessor, the Traffic Violations Compact of which Louisiana has been a member since 1970. Louisiana hereby adopts the correct name of the compact as the Nonresident Violator Compact and ratifies continuous past, present, and future membership in the compact in the form substantially as follows:

NONRESIDENT VIOLATOR COMPACT

ARTICLE I

FINDINGS AND DECLARATION OF POLICY AND PURPOSE

A. The party jurisdictions find that:

(1) In most instances, a motorist who is cited for a traffic violation in a jurisdiction other than his home jurisdiction:

(a) Must post collateral or bond to secure appearance for trial at a later date;

(b) If unable to post collateral or bond, is taken into custody until the collateral bond is posted; or

(c) Is taken directly to court for trial.

(2) In some instances, the motorist's driver's license may be deposited as collateral to be returned after he has complied with the terms of the citation.

(3) The purpose of the practices described in Subparagraphs (1) and (2) above is to ensure compliance with the terms of a traffic citation by the motorist who, if permitted to continue on his way after receiving the traffic citation, could return to his or her home jurisdiction and disregard his or her duty under the terms of the traffic citation.

(4) A motorist receiving a traffic citation in his or her home jurisdiction is permitted, except for certain violations, to accept the citation from the officer at the scene of the violation and to immediately continue on his way after promising or being instructed to comply with the terms of the citation.

(5) The practice described in Subparagraph (1) above causes unnecessary inconvenience and, at times, a hardship for the motorist who at the time is unable to post collateral, furnish a bond, stand trial, or pay the fine and is thus compelled to remain in custody until some arrangement can be made.

(6) The deposit of a driver's license as a bail bond as directed in Subparagraph (2) above is viewed with disfavor.

(7) The practices described consume an undue amount of law enforcement time.

B. It is the policy of the party jurisdictions to:

(1) Seek compliance with the laws, ordinances, and administrative rules and regulations relating to the operation of motor vehicles in each of the jurisdictions.

(2) Allow motorists to accept a traffic citation for certain violations and proceed on their way without delay whether or not the motorist is a resident of the jurisdiction in which the citation is issued.

(3) Extend cooperation to its fullest extent among the jurisdictions for obtaining compliance with the terms of a traffic citation issued in one jurisdiction to a resident of another jurisdiction.

(4) Maximize effective utilization of law enforcement personnel and assist court systems in the efficient disposition of traffic violations.

C. The purpose of the compact is to:

(1) Provide a means through which the party jurisdictions may participate in a reciprocal program to effectuate the policies enumerated in Paragraph B above in a uniform and orderly manner.

(2) Provide for the fair and impartial treatment of traffic violators operating within party jurisdictions and recognition of the motorist's right of due process and the sovereign status of a party jurisdiction.

ARTICLE II

DEFINITIONS

A. In the Nonresident Violator Compact, the following words have the meaning indicated unless the context requires otherwise:

(1) "Citation" means any summons, ticket, or other official document issued by a police officer for a traffic violation containing an order which requires the motorist to respond.

(2) "Collateral" means any cash or other security deposited to secure an appearance for trial following the issuance by a police officer of a citation for a traffic violation.

(3) "Compliance" means the act of answering a citation, summons, or subpoena through appearance at court or payment of fines and costs. This includes the recall or dismissal of a citation, summons, or subpoena.

(4) "Court" means a court of law or equity with jurisdiction over traffic violations.

(5) "Driver's license" means any license or privilege to operate a motor vehicle issued under the laws of the home jurisdiction.

(6) "Home jurisdiction" means the jurisdiction which issued the driver's license of the traffic violator.

(7) "Issuing jurisdiction" means the jurisdiction in which the traffic citation was issued to the motorist.

(8) "Jurisdiction" or "party jurisdiction" means a state, territory, possession, district, or commonwealth of the United States, province of Canada, or other nation which is or becomes a member of this compact.

(9) "Motorist" means a driver of a motor vehicle operating in a party jurisdiction other than the home jurisdiction.

(10) "Personal recognizance" means an agreement by a motorist at the time of issuance of a traffic citation that he or she will comply with the terms of that traffic citation. Physical receipt of the citation by the motorist implies the agreement.

(11) "Police officer" means any individual authorized by the party jurisdiction to issue a citation for a traffic violation.

(12) "Terms of the citation" means those options expressly stated upon the citation.

ARTICLE III

PROCEDURE FOR ISSUING JURISDICTION

A. Unless prohibited by law, a police officer when issuing a citation to a motorist licensed by a party jurisdiction shall not require the motorist to post collateral or a driver's license to secure appearance if the officer receives the motorist's personal recognizance.

B. Upon failure of a motorist to comply with the terms of a traffic citation, the appropriate official shall report the failure to comply to the driver's license authority of the jurisdiction in which the traffic citation was issued. The report must, at a minimum, contain the name, address, driver's license number, date of birth, sex, type and/or citation of violation, date of violation, and court address and telephone number.

C. Upon receipt of the report as provided in Paragraph B above, the licensing authority of the issuing jurisdiction shall transmit a report containing the information to the licensing authority of the home jurisdiction containing at least the minimum information received in the report.

D. The licensing authority of the issuing jurisdiction shall not transmit a report on any violation if the date of transmission would be more than six months after the date on which the traffic citation was issued.

ARTICLE IV

PROCEDURE FOR HOME JURISDICTION

A. Upon receipt of a report of a failure to comply, from the licensing authority of the issuing jurisdiction, the home jurisdiction shall notify the motorist and initiate a suspension action as hereinafter provided.

B. The notice referred to in Paragraph A above shall be sent, as soon as possible after receipt by the home jurisdiction, to the motorist at his last known address by regular mail. The notice shall inform the motorist of his right to a presuspension hearing upon request within thirty days of the date of notice.

C. If the motorist furnishes satisfactory evidence of compliance or that he is not the person who gave personal recognizance or presents another valid defense at the administrative hearing, no driver's license suspension shall occur.

D. If after thirty days from the date of notice, the motorist has not responded to the office of motor vehicles, the Louisiana driver's license of the motorist shall be immediately suspended until proof of compliance is furnished or for one year, whichever is the lesser period.

E. Nothing in this Article shall be construed to require application of the financial responsibility laws of any jurisdiction if those laws would otherwise be inapplicable.

ARTICLE V

APPLICABILITY OF OTHER LAWS

Except as expressly required by provisions of the compact, nothing contained herein shall be construed to affect the right of any party jurisdiction to apply any of its other laws relating to licenses to operate motor vehicles or to invalidate or prevent any driver-license agreement or cooperative agreement between a party jurisdiction and a nonparty jurisdiction.

ARTICLE VI

COMPACT ADMINISTRATION AND INTERCHANGE

OF INFORMATION

A. The head of the licensing authority for Louisiana is the administrator of this compact for this jurisdiction.

B. The administrators of this compact for each party jurisdiction, acting jointly may formulate all necessary and proper procedures for the exchange of information under this compact.

C. The administrator of each party jurisdiction shall furnish to the administrator of each other party jurisdiction any information or documents necessary to facilitate the administration of this compact.

ARTICLE VII

ENTRY INTO AND WITHDRAWAL FROM COMPACT

A. The head of the licensing authority for Louisiana is the administrator of this compact for this jurisdiction.

B. The administrator of this compact for each party jurisdiction acting jointly may formulate all necessary and proper procedures for the exchange of information under this compact.

C. The administrator of each party jurisdiction shall furnish to the administrator of each other party jurisdiction any information or documents necessary to facilitate the administration of this compact.

ARTICLE VIII

EXCEPTIONS TO JURISDICTION

The provisions of this compact shall not apply to parking or other nonmoving violations, highway weight limit violations, or violations of law governing transportation of hazardous materials.

ARTICLE IX

CONSTRUCTION AND SEVERABILITY

This compact shall be liberally construed to effectuate the purposes stated herein. The provisions of this compact shall be severable and if any phrase, clause, sentence, or provision of this compact is declared contrary to the constitution, laws, ordinances, rules, or regulations of any party jurisdiction or of the United States, the applicability thereof to any government, agency, person, or circumstance shall not be affected thereby. If this compact shall be declared in any part or way invalid in any party jurisdiction, the compact shall remain in full force and effect as to the remaining states and in full force and effect as to the objecting jurisdiction as to all severable matters.

Acts 1991, No. 498, §1.

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Local Government
Louisiana
3
1
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John Bel Edwards
John Bel Edwards
January 11, 2016 -
Democratic
1-225-342-4404
900 North 3rd Street, Baton Rouge, LA, 70802

Keywords
jurisdiction
motor
traffic
citation
motorist
party
compact
violation
resident
issued