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Rs 14:403.7 Failure To Report A Missing Child

§403.7. Failure to report a missing child

A.(1) A child's caretaker shall report to an appropriate authority that a child is missing within two hours of the expiration of the period provided for in Paragraph (2) of this Subsection.

(2) For purposes of this Subsection, there shall be a presumption that a child is missing and that the child's caretaker knew or should have known that the child is missing when the caretaker does not know the location of the child and has not been in contact with nor verified the location or safety of the child:

(a) With regard to a child over the age of thirteen, for a period of twenty-four hours.

(b) With regard to a child thirteen years of age or younger, for a period of twelve hours.

B. For purposes of this Section:

(1) "Appropriate authority" includes:

(a) A state or local law enforcement agency.

(b) A 911 Public Safety Answering Point as defined in Title 33 of the Louisiana Revised Statutes of 1950.

(2) "Caretaker" means the child's parent, grandparent, legal guardian, or any person who, at the time of the child's disappearance, has physical custody of the child.

(3) "Child" means any person under the age of seventeen years.

(4) "Serious bodily injury" means bodily injury which involves unconsciousness, extreme physical pain, or protracted and obvious disfigurement, or protracted loss or impairment of the function of a bodily member, organ, or mental faculty, or a substantial risk of death.

C. Any person who violates the provisions of Subsection A of this Section shall be punished as follows:

(1) If the child is found dead or determined to be dead, then the offender shall be imprisoned at hard labor for not less than two years nor more than fifty years without benefit of parole, probation, or suspension of sentence, and fined not more than fifty thousand dollars.

(2) If the child has remained missing for a period of more than six months at the time of conviction and not determined to be dead, then the offender shall be imprisoned at hard labor for not less than two years nor more than ten years without benefit of parole, probation, or suspension of sentence, and fined not more than twenty-five thousand dollars.

(3) If the child is determined to have been either physically or sexually abused during the time that the child was missing, then the offender shall be imprisoned at hard labor for not more than ten years without benefit of parole, probation, or suspension of sentence, and fined not more than ten thousand dollars.

(4) If the child is found unharmed, then the offender shall be imprisoned for not more than six months, or fined not more than five hundred dollars, or both.

D. The period of time in which a caretaker is required to report a missing child as provided in Subsection A of this Section shall be suspended for the period of time in which the caretaker is unable to make a report due to circumstances beyond the caretaker's control.

Acts 2012, No. 454, §1; Acts 2012, No. 477, §1, eff. June 3, 2012.

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Local Government
Louisiana
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John Bel Edwards
John Bel Edwards
January 11, 2016 -
Democratic
1-225-342-4404
900 North 3rd Street, Baton Rouge, LA, 70802

Keywords
child
missing
caretaker
report
years
time
period
imprisoned
offender
safety