§286. Sale of minor children and other prohibited activities; penalties
A. Except as provided by Subsection C, it shall be unlawful for any person to sell or
surrender a minor child to another person for money or anything of value, or to receive a
minor child for such payment of money or anything of value.
B. Except as provided in Subsection C, the payment or receipt of anything of value
for the procurement, attempted procurement, or assistance in the procurement of a party to
an act of voluntary surrender of a child for adoption is strictly prohibited.
C. Unless approved by the juvenile court pursuant to Children's Code Article 1200,
no petitioner, person acting on a petitioner's behalf, agency or attorney or other intermediary
shall make or agree to make any disbursements in connection with the adoptive placement,
surrender, or adoption of a child other than for the following:
(1) Reasonable medical expenses, including hospital, testing, nursing,
pharmaceutical, travel, or other similar expenses, incurred by the biological mother for
prenatal care, and those medical and hospital expenses incurred on behalf of the biological
mother and child incident to birth.
(2) Reasonable medical expenses, including hospital, testing, nursing,
pharmaceutical, travel, or other similar expenses, and foster care expenses incurred on behalf
of the child prior to the decree of adoption.
(3) Reasonable expenses incurred by the department or the agency for adjustment
counseling and training services provided to the adoptive parents and for home studies or
(4) Reasonable administrative expenses incurred by the department or the agency,
including overhead, court costs, travel costs, and attorney fees connected with an adoption.
In approving a reasonable fee for overhead, the court shall consider and include additional
expenses incurred by the department or the agency not specifically allocated to the adoption
before the court, including the cost of failed adoptions, where those expenses or fees
represent actual costs of the department's or agency's adoption services permitted by the
provisions of this Article.
(5) Reasonable expenses incurred for counseling services provided to a biological
parent or a child for a reasonable time before and after the child's placement for adoption.
(6) Reasonable expenses incurred in ascertaining the information required by
Children's Code Articles 1124 and 1125.
(7) Reasonable living expenses incurred by a mother for a reasonable time before the
birth of her child and for no more than forty-five days after the birth.
(8) Reasonable attorney fees, court costs, travel, or other expenses incurred on behalf
of a parent who surrenders a child for adoption or otherwise consents to the child's adoption.
D.(1) It shall be unlawful for any person to enter into, induce, arrange, procure,
knowingly advertise for, or otherwise assist in a gestational carrier contract, whether written
or unwritten, that is not in compliance with the requirements provided for in R.S. 9:2718 et
(2) No person who is a party to, or acting on behalf of the parties to a gestational
carrier contract shall make or agree to make any disbursements in connection with the
gestational carrier contract other than the following:
(a) Payment of actual medical expenses, including hospital, testing, nursing,
midwifery, pharmaceutical, travel, or other similar expenses, incurred by the gestational
carrier for prenatal care and those medical and hospital expenses incurred incident to birth.
(b) Payment of actual expenses incurred for mental health counseling services
provided to the gestational carrier prior to the birth and up to six months after birth.
(c) Payment of actual lost wages of the gestational carrier, not covered under a
disability insurance policy, when bed rest has been prescribed for the gestational carrier for
some maternal or fetal complication of pregnancy and the gestational carrier, who is
employed, is unable to work during the prescribed period of bed rest.
(d) Payment of actual travel costs related to the pregnancy and delivery, court costs,
and attorney fees incurred by the gestational carrier.
(3) It shall be unlawful for any person to enter into, induce, arrange, procure,
knowingly advertise for, or otherwise assist in an agreement for genetic gestational carrier,
with or without compensation, whether written or unwritten. For purposes of this Section,
"genetic gestational carrier" and "compensation" shall have the same meaning as defined in
(4) It shall be unlawful for any person to give or offer payment of money, objects,
services, or anything of monetary value to induce any gestational carrier, whether or not she
is party to an enforceable or unenforceable agreement for genetic gestational carrier or
gestational carrier contract, to consent to an abortion as defined in R.S. 40:1061.9.
E. A person convicted of violating any of the provisions of this Section shall be
punished by a fine not to exceed fifty thousand dollars or imprisonment with or without hard
labor for not more than ten years, or both.
Added by Acts 1976, No. 253, §1; Acts 1984, No. 209, §1; Acts 1986, No. 262, §1;
Acts 1987, No. 556, §1; Acts 1999, No. 1062, §1; Acts 2016, No. 494, §3.