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§ 14-803. Motor Vehicle Parking Standards.

(a) Permitted Types.

Accessory parking may be provided as follows:

(.1) A surface parking lot, provided that mechanical access surface parking lots are prohibited in all zoning districts.

(.2) A parking garage, including a mechanical access parking garage.

(.3) Private residence parking garages and carports, provided that:

(.a) Private residence garages and carports may not exceed a maximum depth of 25 ft. and a maximum width of 35 ft.

(.b) Private residence garages and carports with flat or shed roofs are subject to a maximum height limit of 10 ft. Private residence garages and carports with gable, hip or gambrel roofs are subject to a maximum height limit of 15 ft.

(b) Location of Accessory Parking.

(.1) Residential and Commercial Districts.

(.a) General.

Except as specified in § 14-803(1)(b)(.1)(.b) (Exceptions) below, accessory parking in Residential and Commercial Districts must comply with the requirements in this § 14-803(1)(b)(.1)(.a).

(.i) Garages and carports which are attached to the principal building shall be governed by the same setback and yard provisions as the building itself.

(.ii) Surface parking spaces and detached garages and carports are prohibited in required front, side, and rear yards.

(.iii) Driveways that provide vehicular access to accessory parking spaces may be located in required front, side, or rear yards.

{For printable PDF version of image, click HERE}

(.b) Exceptions.

(.i) Residential parking shall be permitted in the required rear yard of an attached building where the lot is served by a rear alley or shared driveway with a minimum width of 12 ft.

(.ii) Private residence garages and carports are permitted in any part of the rear yard provided that:

(.aa) The permitted occupied area of the lot is not exceeded;

(.bb) Any private residence garage or carport shall maintain a minimum setback of 3 ft. between the garage or carport and any property line; and

(.cc) Any private residence garage or carport shall be set back at least 18 ft. from the edge of the sidewalk (or if there is no sidewalk, then the street) closest to the residence.

(.iii) Reserved.

(.iv) In Commercial districts, where a building with a primary use in the public, civic, and institutional, office, retail sales, or commercial services use categories is located on a lot whose side or rear lot line is abutting a Residential district, no more than one driving aisle with parking spaces on both sides of the aisle may be located between the primary structure and any lot line boundary abutting the Residential district.

{For printable PDF version of image, click HERE}

(.2) Industrial Districts.

Surface parking lots or parking structures in any Industrial district may be located anywhere upon the lot, except in required front yards in the IRMX, ICMX, and I-1 districts.

(c) Additional Regulations Applicable to Specific Zoning Districts.

The regulations of this § 14-803(1)(c) apply to the specified zoning districts. Should these regulations conflict with any other standard of this § 14-803, the stricter provision shall apply.

(.1) Additional Regulations for RSA-5, RM-1, and CMX-2 Districts.

In the RSA-5, RM-1, and CMX-2 districts, accessory parking for any single-family, two-family or multi-family use in an attached or semi-detached building shall be prohibited unless it can be accessed from a shared driveway, alley, or rear street.

(.2) Additional Regulations for the CMX-2.5 District.

In the CMX-2.5 district:

(.a) Accessory parking for any single-family, two-family, or multi-family use in an attached or semi-detached building shall be prohibited unless it can be accessed from a shared driveway, alley, or rear street.

(.b) Accessory parking is not permitted between the building line and the street line.

(.3) Additional Regulations for the CMX-3 District.

In the CMX-3 district:

(.a) The vehicular entryways of private residence parking garages and carports shall be prohibited from fronting on any street.

(.b) Accessory surface parking shall be prohibited for any single-family or two-family use unless it can be accessed from a shared driveway or alley.

(.c) Accessory surface parking between the building line and the street line shall require special exception approval for lots less than 75,000 sq. ft. in area.

(.4) Additional Regulations for RMX-3, CMX-4, and CMX-5 Districts.

In the RMX-3, CMX-4, and CMX-5 districts, special exception approval is required for the following:

(.a) Surface accessory parking lots.

(.b) Aboveground accessory parking garages, except that:

(.i) in the area bounded by Cherry Street, 23rd Street, John F. Kennedy Boulevard and the right-of-way of CSX Railroad, aboveground accessory parking garages are permitted.

(.c) New accessory parking areas, except for underground parking garages.

(.d) Additions to existing accessory parking areas, except for underground parking garages.

The standards of this section apply to all accessory and non-accessory parking areas, regardless of whether such parking is provided to meet minimum off-street parking requirements.

(a) Minimum Area for Driveways and Aisles.

Parking lots and garages, except for those accessory to single-family and two-family uses, must provide an additional area of the parking lot or parking garage equal to not less than 25% of the total area of the lot or garage for access driveways and aisles.

(b) Parking Space and Drive Aisle Dimensions.

Off-street parking spaces shall comply with the dimensional standards shown in Table 14-803-1 based on the angle of parking and/or parking space type.

Table 14-803-1: Dimensional Standards for Parking Spaces and Aisles {For a printable PDF version, click HERE}

Parking Angle/Type

Min. Stall Width (ft.)

[1]

Min. Stall Depth (ft.)

[2]

Minimum Aisle Width (ft.)

[5]

Regular Space – Parallel

8.5

20 for end spaces,

22 for interior spaces

10 ft. for one way traffic

24 ft. for two way traffic

Regular Space – 45 degrees

8.5

18

15 ft. [3]

Regular Space – 60 degrees

8.5

18

18 ft.

Regular Space – 90 degrees

8.5

18

24 ft.

Compact Parking Spaces [4]

8

16

Same as for regular spaces

Spaces for Buildings where occupancy is age-restricted to those 60 years of age or older

10

Same as for regular spaces

Same as for regular spaces

Handicapped Spaces

Shall comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act (42 U.S.C. §§ 12101 et seq.)

Table Notes:

[1] As measured by a line perpendicular to the stall line at a point on the outside end of the stall, except when the stall is on the inside edge of a curve, in which case the point of measurement shall be on the inside end of the stall.

[2] As measured from required curb on the inside edge of the stall.

[3] 20 ft. minimum is required where needed as a fire line.

[4] Limited to 25% of all parking spaces in lots with more than 25 spaces. All compact spaces must be clearly identified.

[5] Residential uses with 10 or fewer dwelling units are exempt from this provision.

(c) Reservoir Space.

All surface parking lots and garages in RMX-3, CMX-3, CMX-4, and CMX-5 districts shall provide the number of off-street reservoir spaces required by Table 14-803-2 between the street line and valet pick-up point, or the ticket issuing mechanisms or booths. If the parking lot or garage has two or more points of ingress, the total number of reservoir spaces required at all points of ingress together shall be at least the number required by Table 14-803-2, and there shall be at least one reservoir space at each point of ingress:

Table 14-803-2: Required Reservoir Space {For a printable PDF version, click HERE}

Number of Parking Spaces Provided

Off-Street Reservoir Space Required (7 ft. by 15 ft.)

1 to 50

2

51 to 100

3

101 to 200

5

Over 200 spaces

6 + 1 additional for every 100 spaces over 200

(a) Mechanical access parking lots are prohibited in all zoning districts.

(b) Mechanical access parking garages must provide required reservoir spaces.

(c) Automated valet-type mechanical access parking garages are exempt from any aisle, driveway width, and parking space size requirements.

(d) Self park-type and tandem parking-type mechanical access parking garages are exempt from parking space size requirements, but must meet any aisle and driveway width requirements.

(a) Design Requirements for Surface Parking Lots.

Surface parking lots, except those accessory to single-family and two-family uses, shall comply with the requirements of this § 14-803(4)(a) (Design Requirements for Surface Parking Lots).

(.1) Grades.

All surface parking spaces shall be situated on ground that does not contain any grades in excess of 10%.

(.2) Materials.

Surface parking lots shall be covered with a hard top surface of cement concrete, bituminous concrete, asphalt, or pervious pavement, including all accessways and/or driveways from the street. If parking is provided in a surface parking lot and the applicant provides more than 20 spaces beyond the minimum off-street parking required by this Zoning Code, all surface spaces beyond the minimum required shall be surfaced with pervious paving materials that meet the design standards of the Philadelphia Stormwater Management Guidance Manual.

(.3) Approval by the Streets Department.

Surface parking lots that provide more than three vehicle parking spaces shall comply with the applicable provisions of § 9-601 of The Philadelphia Code and shall be approved by the Department of Streets before L&I may issue a zoning permit.

(.4) Walkways.

Except in Industrial districts, where a parking lot contains more than 25 spaces and is located between a building and a public street, pedestrian walkways at least five ft. wide shall be provided and shall comply with the following standards:

(.a) Each walkway shall be located within or along the edge of the parking lot and shall connect the street and the building.

(.b) One pedestrian walkway meeting these standards shall be provided for each 300 ft. of street frontage.

(.c) Where a walkway crosses a driveway or aisle, the driveway or aisle shall be clearly marked and signed so as to indicate the location of the walkway and to require vehicles to stop for individuals using the walkway.

(.5) Vehicle Access Points.

Along any street frontage in a Residential district, a surface parking lot shall have no more than one curb cut for both ingress and egress, the maximum width of which shall not exceed 24 ft., or two one-way curb cuts the maximum width of which shall not exceed 12 ft., provided that the curb cuts shall not occupy more than 50% of the street frontage.

(b) Design Standards for Garage Structures.

Accessory and non-accessory parking in garage structures on lots in or adjacent to any Residential district or any Commercial district, except private residence parking garages or those accessory to single-family and two-family uses, shall meet the following standards.

(.1) Vehicle Access Points.

(.a) Along any street frontage, a parking garage shall have no more than one curb cut for both ingress and egress, the maximum width of which shall not exceed 24 ft., or two one-way curb cuts the maximum width of which shall not exceed 12 ft., provided that the curb cuts shall not occupy more than 50% of the street frontage.

(.b) Driveways that cross the public sidewalk must be at the same level as the sidewalk. The driveway material must change at the building line to demarcate the transition to the sidewalk. Sidewalks should be visually continuous across driveways to indicate pedestrians have the right-of-way.

(.2) Facades.

All above ground portions of accessory or non-accessory parking garages or portions of structures occupied by automobile parking shall meet the following standards:

(.a) Facade openings that face any public street or publicly accessible open space shall be vertically and horizontally aligned and all floors fronting on those facades shall be level (not inclined).

(.b) At least 30% of each facade facing a public street or publicly accessible open space shall be occupied by doors (on the ground floor), windows, screens, grills, louvers, or other non-opaque facade elements that resemble those features.

(.c) The remainder of each facade facing a public street or publicly accessible open space shall be designed to conceal the view of all parked cars and internal light sources when viewed from the public street or publicly accessible open space.

(.3) Ground Floor Use.

(.a) In RMX-3 and commercial districts any portion of the ground floor facade that abuts a sidewalk or a public space and that is not occupied by entrances, exits, or waiting areas shall be designed and constructed to permit a finished ceiling height of at least 10.5 ft. in order to allow occupancy by a use in the office, retail sales, commercial services, or public, civic, and institutional use category.

(.b) Uses in the office, retail sales, commercial services, or public, civic, and institutional use category, except the regulated uses that are listed in § 14-603(13) (Regulated Uses), are allowed as accessory uses in parking garages that are subject to the ground floor use provisions of § 14-802(4)(b)(.3)(.a).

(.4) Parking Garage Review.

Parking garages in the RMX-3, CMX-3, CMX-4, and CMX-5 districts and parking garages of at least 250 parking spaces on lots in or adjacent to any other residential or commercial district, shall be subject to the following review:

(.a) L&I shall not issue any building permits for parking garages unless the facade of the proposed garage has been reviewed and approved by the Commission. The Commission shall have 30 days upon receipt of an application to review the proposed parking garage; after the 30-day review period has passed, the approval of the Commission shall be presumed.

(.b) L&I shall not issue any building permits for parking garages unless the internal circulation patterns and points of ingress and egress have been reviewed and approved by the Streets Department. The Streets Department shall have 30 days upon receipt of an application to review the proposed parking garage; after the 30-day review period has passed, the approval of the Streets Department shall be presumed.

All parking lots, except those accessory to single-family and two-family uses, shall comply with all applicable requirements of this § 14-803(5) (Parking Landscape and Screening).

(a) Parking Landscape Plan.

The Commission shall approve a parking landscape plan that satisfies the technical requirements of the regulations of the Commission, or waive the requirements of this § 14-803(5) (Parking Landscape and Screening) if the Commission determines that it would be impractical to provide the required landscape, before L&I may issue a zoning permit.

(b) General Requirements.

All parking landscape and screening required by this § 14-803(5) (Parking Landscape and Screening) shall comply with the general landscape standards set forth in § 14-705(1)(c) (General Standards) and the installation and maintenance requirements set forth in § 14-705(3) (Installation and Maintenance of Landscape and Trees).

(c) Perimeter Screening From Abutting Residential District.

(.1) When a parking lot or surface parking area associated with a parking garage (including but not limited to driveways and aisles) abuts a Residential district, a continuous screening wall, berm, fence, or row of plants at least five ft. tall shall be provided between the surface parking lot or surface parking area and the Residential district.

(.2) The screening material shall be designed to provide 75% opacity on a year-round basis beginning one year after planting along the full required height and length of the screening buffer.

(.3) Screening fences shall be constructed of ornamental metal or wood; chain-link and barbed wire are prohibited as fencing material. The side of the fence presenting a more finished appearance, or the side without bracing supports, shall face towards the Residential district.

(d) Perimeter Screening from Public Streets for Parking Lots.

(.1) Where any surface parking lot is located along a street frontage, a landscaped area shall be installed along the entire length of the perimeter of the surface parking lot that is located along a street frontage to screen the view of the parking area from the street. Except as provided in § 14-803(5)(d)(.2) below, the landscaped area shall be at least equal to the required setback, but in no case less than five ft. wide.

(.a) Trees must be provided within the required landscaped area at a rate of at least one tree per 35 ft. of linear frontage. Such trees may be placed at regular or irregular intervals, provided that there is at least 15 ft. of space between tree trunks.

{For printable PDF version of image, click HERE}

(.b) Shrubs shall be planted at an interval of three shrubs per 25 ft. of linear frontage and must have a mature height of at least two ft.

(.2) Where a five ft. wide perimeter landscape area is not feasible based on existing site or topography constraints, as an alternative to the tree and shrub plantings required by § 14-803(5)(d)(.1) above, a decorative masonry wall or ornamental fence at least three ft. in height may be installed. The decorative wall or ornamental fence may be installed on a berm if the combined height of berm and wall or fence is at least three ft. in height.

(.a) The decorative masonry wall must be constructed of brick, stone, decorative block wall, or concrete block with stucco finish, but shall not be constructed of uncolored or painted concrete block.

(.b) The ornamental fence must satisfy the requirements for screening fences in § 14-803(5)(c)(.3) (Perimeter Screening From Abutting Residential District).

(e) Interior Landscape Requirements for Parking Lots.

(.1) A minimum of 10% of the interior surface parking lot in all districts and off-street loading areas in all districts except I-2, I-3, and I-P, calculated as the total of area in all surface parking spaces and surface drive aisles, shall be planted with landscape.

(.2) If the applicant installs a vegetated roof on a primary or accessory structure on the same lot, the amount of interior parking lot landscape may be reduced by one sq. ft. for each one sq. ft. of vegetated roof area installed.

(.3) Perimeter landscape required by § 14-803(5)(d) (Perimeter Screening from Public Streets) and § 14-803(5)(c) (Perimeter Screening From Abutting Residential District) is not counted towards the minimum interior landscape requirement.

(.4) Internal landscaped areas shall be dispersed on the site to break up the perception of large uninterrupted expanse of pavement. Landscaped areas shall be a minimum of six ft. wide. In surface parking lots containing more than 50 parking spaces, interior landscaped areas should be used to break up those spaces into groups of no more than 20 contiguous parking spaces.

{For printable PDF version of image, click HERE}

(.5) One tree shall be planted per 300 sq. ft. of interior landscaped area. A minimum of 30% of the required trees shall include deciduous shade trees from DPR's Recommended Street Tree List.

(.6) Required perimeter and interior landscaped areas shall maximize effective stormwater management by incorporating any one of the following:

(.a) A bioretention system that is designed in accordance with the Philadelphia Stormwater Management Guidance Manual; or

(.b) Curbs at the edge of the required perimeter and interior landscaped areas to protect the plants, with planted areas installed at a lower grade than the parking lot pavement, and curbing shall have openings allowing drainage from the pavement to enter and percolate through the landscaped areas.

{For printable PDF version of image, click HERE}

For the purpose of providing for the charging of electric vehicles, as defined in § 12-1131 (Electric Vehicle Parking), any development, as defined in § 14-203(94), that contains a residential use and is providing 20 or more parking spaces in connection with the development shall provide electric vehicle parking spaces in accordance with Table 14-803-3. An electric vehicle parking space is a parking space provided with one or more branch circuit capable of supplying electric vehicle supply equipment at such space rated at 208/240 V 40 amperes. For purposes of this subsection (6) and Table 14-803-3, parking spaces do not include mechanical or valet parking spaces.

Table 14-803-3: Electric Vehicle Parking Spaces

{For a printable PDF version, click HERE}

Number of Parking Spaces Provided

Minimum Number of Electric Vehicle Parking Spaces

20 - 29

1

30 - 39

2

40 - 49

3

50 - 99

4

100 and above

5% of the total parking spaces provided

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